Director of St. Maarten Nature Foundation Tadzio Bervoets treating diseased corals.
KEY WEST/COLE BAY–Experts from around the Caribbean, including St. Maarten Nature Foundation, are meeting at Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary in Key West to share information on an emerging and unprecedented threat to Caribbean coral reefs posed by a coral disease first documented in Florida, and now being reported at sites across the region.
Since 2014, the Florida Reef Tract has been severely impacted by a newly documented coral disease, which scientists are calling “Stony Coral Tissue Loss Disease” because it affects only hard stony corals and is characterized by the rapid loss of live coral tissue.
The disease has rapidly spread across coral reefs from Palm Beach to the lower Florida Keys and in the last year has been reported elsewhere in the Caribbean, including in Mexico, Jamaica, St. Maarten, the Dominican Republic, the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Turks and Caicos and Belize.
“Stony Coral Tissue Loss Disease affects some of the slowest-growing and longest-lived reef-building corals, including the iconic brain corals, star corals and pillar corals,” explained research coordinator Andy Bruckner.
“Scientists from [the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration – Ed.] NOAA and the State of Florida, sanctuary managers and academic partners have been working to document the outbreak, identify causes and contributing factors, and develop treatments and interventions,” he said.
As the disease has started to be reported in other parts of the Caribbean, experts from Florida are sharing their knowledge with counterparts around the region to help them identify the disease and learn how to respond once it has been documented. The learning exchange includes 22 participants from 17 countries and territories of the Caribbean.
“The visitors see first-hand how this disease has impacted Florida’s coral reefs. With local experts, they learn about monitoring for and treating the disease and about local efforts to save this incredibly important ecosystem,” explained Dana Wusinich-Mendez from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Programme.
Director of St. Maarten Nature Foundation Tadzio Bervoets attended the meeting. “Given the significance of coral reef ecosystems to our islands, it’s imperative that we join forces with scientists, communities and the authorities to find possible solutions to this issue. By exchanging ideas and sharing expertise with other countries, we hope to keep pace with advances in managing the disease. We are learning from our Florida hosts that once the disease has been reported it is essential to respond rapidly to prevent it from spreading to a wider area. What we learn at this meeting is giving us a head start to face this disease,” Bervoets commented.
Superintendent of Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, Sarah Fangman welcomed the visitors. “Everyone here is aware of the vital role corals play in our region. In the Florida Keys, coral reefs help to support some 33,600 jobs and bring over US $2.1 billion to the local economy. While the situation is urgent, it is not too late to save this incredibly important ecosystem. Corals are resilient if given the chance and the enabling conditions for their growth and survival,” she said.
The meeting is an initiative of MPAConnect Network for marine-protected areas which comprises marine-protected area managers in 10 Caribbean countries and territories, working in partnership with the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute and NOAA’s Coral Reef Conservation Programme, with funding from NOAA and National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF).