~ PvdA suffers dramatic loss ~
THE HAGUE–The Netherlands’ centre-right Prime Minister Mark Rutte was on course for a resounding victory over anti-Islam and anti-European Union (EU) Geert Wilders in the general election on Wednesday, offering huge relief to other EU governments facing a wave of nationalism.
“It appears that the VVD will be the biggest party in the Netherlands for the third time in a row,” a beaming Rutte told cheering supporters at a post-election party in The Hague. “Tonight we’ll celebrate a little.”
Rutte received congratulatory messages from European leaders and spoke with some by telephone.
“It is also an evening in which the Netherlands, after Brexit, after the American elections, said ‘stop’ to the wrong kind of populism,” he said.
Party for Freedom PVV leader Wilders said he had not achieved the electoral victory he had hoped for and was ready to offer tough opposition.
“I would rather have been the largest party … but we are not a party that has lost. We gained seats. That’s a result to be proud of,” Wilder told journalists.
With 55 per cent of votes counted, Rutte’s conservative VVD party was projected to win 32 of the Dutch Parliament’s Second Chamber’s 150 seats, down from 41 at the last vote in 2012.
PVV (19 seats) was in a three-way tie for second with the Christian Democrat CDA and centre-democrats D66, data provided by the ANP news agency showed.
VVD’s coalition partner Labour PvdA got a big thumping and lost 29 of its current 38 seats, retaining only nine seats. Biggest winner in the election was green-left GroenLinks, which gained 11 seats from its current four.
Newcomers Denk and Forum for Democracy FvD are projected to win three and two seats respectively. Preliminary election results are expected today, Thursday, with the final vote count to be presented on Friday.
At 81 per cent, turnout was the highest in 30 years in an election that was a test of whether the Dutch wanted to end decades of liberalism and choose a nationalist, anti-immigrant path by voting for Wilders and his promise to “de-Islamise” the Netherlands and quit the EU.
The result was a relief to mainstream parties across Europe, particularly in France and Germany, where right-wing nationalists hope to make a big impact in elections this year, potentially posing an existential threat to the EU.
Far-right candidate Marine Le Pen is set to make France’s presidential election run-off in May, while euro-sceptic, anti-immigrant Alternative for Germany is likely to enter the German federal Parliament for the first time in a September election.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s chief of staff Peter Altmaier could not restrain his joy, tweeting: “The Netherlands, oh the Netherlands, you are a champion! … Congratulations on this great result.”
France’s Foreign Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault tweeted: “Congratulations to the Dutch for stemming the rise of the far-right.”
The exit polls helped the euro rise to its highest against the dollar since February 7.
However, Professor of Sociology at Cornell University in the United States Mabel Berezin said defeat for Wilders, who has been in Parliament for nearly two decades, should not be considered a sign that European populism is waning.
“He does not represent a populist wave. Rather, he is part of the political landscape and how his party fares does not tell us much about European populism,” she said.
Rutte got a last-minute boost from a diplomatic row with Turkey, which allowed him to take a tough line on a majority Muslim country during an election campaign in which immigration and integration have been key issues.
The spat did not hurt the chances of Denk, a party supported by Dutch Turks, which looked set to win three seats, becoming the first-ever ethnic-minority party in the Dutch Parliament, in a possible sign of deepening ethnic division.
However, while Rutte averted what in the early stages of the campaign looked like a possible victory for Wilders, years of austerity pushed down his share of the vote. His junior partner in the outgoing coalition, PvdA, suffered its worst-ever result.
That means it probably will take months for Rutte to negotiate a governing coalition, with at least three other parties needed to reach a majority in Parliament.
Wilders, whose PVV is projected to increase its Second Chamber seats to 19 from the 15 won in 2012, tweeted: “We won seats! The first victory is in! And Rutte has not seen the last of me yet!”
The result is well down from his 2010 high of 24 seats, while support for the two most pro-EU parties D66 and GroenLinks was way up.